Census 2011: Trends in the ‘Female-to-Male Sex Ratio’
(* The sex-ratio is represented as the number ‘x’ where x stands for x females per 1000 males)
Census 2011 report is out and so is the analysis. Provisional data released by the census office for 2011 reveals that:
“(In India) … the sex ratio in the 0-6 age group has been continually declining since 1961 but the fall from 927.31 in 2001 to 914.23 in 2011 is the worst since Independence.” [The Hindu] This indicates an increasing preference to have a male child over a female child.
“The overall sex ratio across all ages has increased by 7-points from 933 in 2001 to 940 in 2011, indicating that a girl child’s chance at life greatly improves once she crosses the age of 6. This is in line with a general improvement in the overall sex ratio over the last twenty years and is the highest since 1971.” [TOI]
“In line with the national trend, in Punjab too the overall sex ratio has climbed from 876 in 2001 to 893 in 2011, but the sex ratio in the 0-6 group stands at 846 (which is still an increase from 798 in 2001).” [TOI] “Punjab is the most improved state with a 48-point increase over 2001 …”
Of all the states, Haryana now has the lowest sex ratio (830) in the 0 – 6 age group whereas Mizoram (971) and Meghalaya (970) are the highest.
Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram and Andaman and Nicobar Islands have recorded an increasing trend in the child sex ratio (0-6 years). In all the remaining 27 states and union territories, the child sex ratio shows decline over 2001 census.